Open-Pit Mine Development: Constructing open-pit mines involves creating large excavations in the ground to extract minerals like coal, copper, gold, iron, or diamonds. This process includes the construction of access roads, benches, and haulage ramps for efficient mining operations.
Building Foundations: Constructing foundations for various structures, such as buildings, bridges, and towers. This can involve deep foundations, such as piles or caissons, or shallow foundations, like spread footings or mat foundations.
Landfills: Building and managing engineered landfills that are designed to safely contain and dispose of solid waste. Modern landfills are equipped with liner systems to prevent leachate contamination and gas collection systems to capture methane for energy generation.